Roman numerals

Roman numerals chart

List of Roman numerals / numbers.

Roman numerals lookup

Roman numerals chart

1 5 10 50 100 500 1000
I V X L C D M

Number Roman
Numeral
Calculation
0 not
defined
 
1 I 1
2 II 1+1
3 III 1+1+1
4 IV 5-1
5 V 5
6 VI 5+1
7 VII 5+1+1
8 VIII 5+1+1+1
9 IX 10-1
10 X 10
11 XI 10+1
12 XII 10+1+1
13 XIII 10+1+1+1
14 XIV 10-1+5
15 XV 10+5
16 XVI 10+5+1
17 XVII 10+5+1+1
18 XVIII 10+5+1+1+1
19 XIX 10-1+10
20 XX 10+10
21 XXI 10+10+1
22 XXII 10+10+1+1
23 XXIII 10+10+1+1+1
24 XXIV 10+10-1+5
25 XXV 10+10+5
26 XXVI 10+10+5+1
27 XXVII 10+10+5+1+1
28 XXVIII 10+10+5+1+1+1
29 XXIX 10+10-1+10
30 XXX 10+10+10
31 XXXI 10+10+10+1
32 XXXII 10+10+10+1+1
33 XXXIII 10+10+10+1+1+1
34 XXXIV 10+10+10-1+5
35 XXXV 10+10+10+5
36 XXXVI 10+10+10+5+1
37 XXXVII 10+10+10+5+1+1
38 XXXVIII 10+10+10+5+1+1+1
39 XXXIX 10+10+10-1+10
40 XL 50-10
41 XLI 50-10+1
42 XLII 50-10+1+1
43 XLIII 50-10+1+1+1
44 XLIV 50-10-1+5
45 XLV 50-10+5
46 XLVI 50-10+5+1
47 XLVII 50-10+5+1+1
48 XLVIII 50-10+5+1+1+1
49 XLIX 50-10-1+10
50 L 50
51 LI 50+1
52 LII 50+1+1
53 LIII 50+1+1+1
54 LIV 50-1+5
55 LV 50+5
56 LVI 50+5+1
57 LVII 50+5+1+1
58 LVIII 50+5+1+1+1
59 LIX 50-1+10
60 LX 50+10
61 LXI 50+10+1
62 LXII 50+10+1+1
63 LXIII 50+10+1+1+1
64 LXIV 50+10-1+5
65 LXV 50+10+5
66 LXVI 50+10+5+1
67 LXVII 50+10+5+1+1
68 LXVIII 50+10+5+1+1+1
69 LXIX 50+10-1+10
70 LXX 50+10+10
71 LXXI 50+10+10+1
72 LXXII 50+10+10+1+1
73 LXXIII 50+10+10+1+1+1
74 LXXIV 50+10+10-1+5
75 LXXV 50+10+10+5
76 LXXVI 50+10+10+5+1
77 LXXVII 50+10+10+5+1+1
78 LXXVIII 50+10+10+5+1+1+1
79 LXXIX 50+10+10-1+10
80 LXXX 50+10+10+10
81 LXXXI 50+10+10+10+1
82 LXXXII 50+10+10+10+1+1
83 LXXXIII 50+10+10+10+1+1+1
84 LXXXIV 50+10+10+10-1+5
85 LXXXV 50+10+10+10+5
86 LXXXVI 50+10+10+10+5+1
87 LXXXVII 50+10+10+10+5+1+1
88 LXXXVIII 50+10+10+10+5+1+1+1
89 LXXXIX 50+10+10+10-1+10
90 XC 100-10
91 XCI 100-10+1
92 XCII 100-10+1+1
93 XCIII 100-10+1+1+1
94 XCIV 100-10-1+5
95 XCV 100-10+5
96 XCVI 100-10+5+1
97 XCVII 100-10+5+1+1
98 XCVIII 100-10+5+1+1+1
99 XCIX 100-10-1+10
100 C 100
200 CC 100+100
300 CCC 100+100+100
400 CD 500-100
500 D 500
600 DC 500+100
700 DCC 500+100+100
800 DCCC 500+100+100+100
900 CM 1000-100
1000 M 1000

Roman numerals printable chart »

Vinculum

Number Roman
Numeral
Calculation
5000 V  
10000 X  
50000 L  
100000 C  
500000 D  
1000000 M  

Apostrophus

Number Roman
Numeral
Calculation
500 IↃ  
1000 CIↃ or
 
5000 IↃↃ or
 
10000 CCIↃↃ or
 
50000 IↃↃↃ or
 
100000 CCCIↃↃↃ or
 

Years in roman numerals

Year Roman numeral
1000 M
1100 MC
1200 MCC
1300 MCCC
1400 MCD
1500 MD
1600 MDC
1700 MDCC
1800 MDCCC
1900 MCM
1990 MCMXC
1991 MCMXCI
1992 MCMXCII
1993 MCMXCIII
1994 MCMXCIV
1995 MCMXCV
1996 MCMXCVI
1997 MCMXCVII
1998 MCMXCVIII
1999 MCMXCIX
2000 MM
2001 MMI
2002 MMII
2003 MMIII
2004 MMIV
2005 MMV
2006 MMVI
2007 MMVII
2008 MMVIII
2009 MMIX
2010 MMX
2011 MMXI
2012 MMXII
2013 MMXIII
2014 MMXIV
2015 MMXV
2016 MMXVI
2017 MMXVII
2018 MMXVIII
2019 MMXIX
2020 MMXX
2021 MMXXI
2022 MMXXII
2023 MMXXIII
2024 MMXXIV
2025 MMXXV

Roman numerals converter »

 

How to convert Roman numbers manually

Roman numerals are written using seven different letters: I, V, X, L, C, Dand M, they represent the numbers 1, 5, 10, 50, 100, 500 and 1,000.

We use these seven letters to make up thousands of others. For example, the Roman numeral for two is written as ‘II' which is just two one's smushed together. The number twelve is XII which is just X (10) + II (2). If we take this a step further, the number twenty-seven is written as XXVII, which when broken down looks like XX (20) + V (5) + II (2) – all totalled up it equals to twenty-seven. 

Roman numerals are usually written largest to smallest from left to right. However, this is not always true. The Romans didn't like writing four of the same numerals in a row, so they developed a system of subtraction. 

The Roman numeral for three is written III, but four is not IIII. Instead the subtractive principle is used. The number four is written as 'IV'. Here we have I (1) before V (5) and because the smaller number is before the larger number, we know that we have to subtract here – making IV four. The same principle applies to the number nine, which is written as IX. 

There are six instances where subtraction is used: 

  • I can be placed before V (5) and X (10) to make 4 and 9.
  • X can be placed before L (50) and C (100) to make 40 and 90.
  • C can be placed before D (500) and M (1000) to make 400 and 900.

The number 994 is a great example of this rule – it's written CMXCIV. Broken down we have CM = 900, XC = 90 and IV = 4; adding all these up brings us back to 994.

The History of Roman Numerals

The roman numerals originated in ancient Rome, and people began using them between 800 and 900 B.C. The roman numerals involve seven symbols, which include I, V, X, L, C, D, and M. The roman numerals came in to play their role when the method of counting on one’s fingers got out of hand.

The roman numerals counting system is based on a person’s hand in which I represent a single unit or one finger. Similarly, V represents 5, and X represents 10. For the larger values, other symbols were used to make counting facile for the people. L, C, D, and M are the symbols representing 50, 100, 500, and 1000, respectively.

Convert Any Event Date into Roman Numerals

The roman numerals date converter lets you transform any date into its roman numeral version in a matter of instance. Everybody wishes to stand out from the competitors or do something different for celebrating their event or occasion. You can use this tool to make this thing possible as you can convert the date of the event in roman numerals and display it uniquely. Whether it’s a corporate event, birthday, or wedding, this roman numerals date converter will allow you to convert as many dates as you want without imposing any restriction. Just enter the date, select the format, and press the convert button to get your hands on the dates in roman numerals.


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