HTML is the abbreviation for Hypertext Markup Language. HTML is not considered a programming language because it cannot create dynamic functionality. Instead, with HTML, web users can create and structure sections, paragraphs, and links using elements, tags, and attributes. A hypertext is text that is used to refer to other pieces of text, while a markup language is a set of marks telling web servers about the style and structure of a document.
When do we use HTML?
- Web development. Developers use HTML code to design how a browser displays web page elements, such as text, hyperlinks, and media files.
- Internet navigation. Users can easily navigate and insert links between related pages and websites as HTML is heavily used to embed hyperlinks.
- Web documentation. HTML makes it possible to organize and format documents, similarly to Microsoft Word.
How does HTML work?
HTML is not considered a programming language because it cannot create dynamic functionality. Instead, with HTML, web users can create and structure sections, paragraphs, and links using elements, tags, and attributes. A hypertext is text that is used to refer to other pieces of text, while a markup language is a set of marks telling web servers about the style and structure of a document.
The three main parts of an element are:
- Opening tag – used to state where an element starts to take effect. The tag is wrapped with opening and closing angle brackets. For example, use the start tag <p> to create a paragraph.
- Content – this is the output that other users see.
- Closing tag – the same as the opening tag, but with a forward slash before the element name. For example, </p> to end a paragraph.
Pros and Cons of HTML
- Beginner-friendly. HTML has a clean and consistent markup, as well as a shallow learning curve.
- Support. The language is widely used, with a lot of resources and a large community behind it.
- Accessible. It is open-source and completely free. HTML runs natively in all web browsers.
- Flexible. HTML is easily integrable with backend languages such as PHP and Node.js.
- Separate HTML page. Users have to create individual web pages for HTML, even if the elements are the same.
- Browser compatibility. Some browsers adopt new features slowly. Sometimes older browsers don’t always render newer tags.
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